How to treat venous health conditions

How to treat venous health conditions?

Treatment for chronic venous insufficiency will depend on the degree of severity of the condition. From early stages of spider veins or varicose veins to more advanced conditions such as deep vein thrombosis or venous stasis ulcers, your provider will tailor treatment to your individual need. The best treatment for you depends on how far your condition has progressed and other medical conditions you have. Always seek treatment from your physician or a vein specialist for a recommended treatment plan.  

The two main courses of treatment are conservative treatments with compression therapy garments and corrective treatments that are interventional procedures conducted by vein specialists. In many cases, both conservative and correctional methods will be used.

Conservative Treatment

Medical compression stockings and adjustable compression wraps form the basis of the treatment of veins. Compression therapy is a common means of halting the progression of venous insufficiency. With its precisely defined pressure, it mechanically counteracts venous valves that don’t close properly. When the diameter of the veins in the legs narrow, the valves can close again, and the blood does not pool. The garments also stimulate lymph flow and prevent the stasis of fluid in the legs.

vein treatment options

There are many forms of compression hosiery that all provide some level of compression including graduated compression stockings, support stockings, and anti-embolism or T.E.D hose.  Not all of these products are designed for the long-term treatment of venous conditions but are intended for short-term and non-medical use.  Graduated compression stockings and compression garments provide a compression pressure profile along the leg that is intended for the long-term care of venous health conditions. The proper compression profile is when 100% of the stated compression is delivered to the ankle, 70% at the calf, and then 40% at the thigh.  This optimized profile has been shown to promote the blood and fluid movement back to the body through the venous and lymphatic systems.

How is the appropriate compression level determined?

A physician or prescribing medical professional will determine the proper compression level based on the current disease state, the amount of edema control needed, and the ability of the patient.  A compression measurement is the amount of applied pressure to the limb in millimeters of mercury or (mmHg). In the USA, there are four common compression classes that are used as a general guideline for the treatment of venous disease with more pressure providing greater therapy for more advanced disease states.

edema control needed
view compression garment selection

Corrective treatments for venous disease